Bandipur National Park, One of South India’s most famous biosphere reserve is located in the Mysore & Chamarajanagar Districts of Karnataka State and is spread over an area of 880 sq. kms. The Bandipur National Park was brought under Project Tiger in 1973.
The Bandipur Tiger Reserve shares borders with the Nagarhole Tiger Reserve (Karnataka) in the North-West, Madumalai Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu) in the South and the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in the South-West. Together, these four protected areas constitute the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. The park is full of hills and gorges. The rivers Kabini, Nugu, Moyar and multiple small streams flow through the park. The Himavad Gopalaswamy Betta (hill) is the highest peak within the park and is 1455 meters above sea level. The lowest point in the park is around 680 meters above sea level. The Moyar gorge divides the Madumalai forest and Bandipur. In some places, the gorge is 260 meters deep.
Bandipur National Park: is situated at the meeting point of the Western & Eastern Ghats serving as a link to the seasonal migration of elephants from Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary to Nagarhole National Park and Wayanad Sanctuary.
In the year 1973, the Bandipur National Park has been brought under Project Tiger. Owing to the rigid protection, there has been a tremendous improvement in the wildlife population and the habitat. The Bandipur Tiger Reserve is home to the largest number of Tigers and Elephants in the country.
Owing to a moderate climate the park is a paradise containing a diverse variety of flora, fauna and wildlife. The jungle towards the eastern limits of the Reserve has stunted trees, bushes and patches of grasslands. Towards the north-western limits, the vegetation varies gradually from open dry deciduous forest to tropical mixed deciduous forests. When the pre-monsoon showers hit the forest, Bandipur comes alive with melodious calls of birds and sprouting grass. This grass attracts elephants and gaurs. Between April and October, Bandipur is a paradise for the tourists who wish to watch elephants and gaurs in their natural surroundings. During summers, when most of Bandipur is dry, the backwaters of the Kabini Reservoir hosts the large mammals and presents a unique breathtaking spectacle and this is one of it’s kind in Asia.
Bandipur is one of the richest in wildlife areas in the country. Seven species including Chital, Sambar, Chousingha, Gaur, Muntjac, Wildpig and Elephant are residents of this biosphere.